Dry Cleaning Chemicals for Clothes & Types of Clothes Given for Dry Cleaning

Dry Cleaning Chemicals for Clothes & Type of Clothes Given for Dry Cleaning

Laundry is an essential part of our daily life for maintaining hygiene. Just like cleaning the house laundry is an endless task in every household they perform and maintain a good life. Laundry is the washing of all our clothes, towel and bed linen, and other things. For people who are overwhelmed by this work and do not have sufficient time the laundry services are very convenient and they have to use dry cleaning chemicals for clothes

Usually, a garment that is specifically marked as ‘dry-clean only’ refers that it requires special handling and treatment we have to follow it. It is a clear indication that the material has to tendency to deteriorate and impair the quality of the fabric if other methods of cleaning are adopted.

Hence if you happen to read this instruction in your clothing tag then the best method is to dry clean it used dry cleaning chemicals for clothes.

Dry Cleaning – What is it all about?

Dry cleaning involves cleaning the clothing and garments by using a special chemical solvent instead of water to remove stains and dirt from your fabric. Clothes need dry cleaning does not involve the use of any water or soap so cloth goes last long life.

The cleaning substance implemented here is a liquid. All the soiled and dirty garments are dipped, soaked, and cleaned with the help of this liquid substance. The fluids used in the earlier stages were highly inflammable and were considered hazardous to use dry cleaning chemicals for clothes.

Nowadays a solvent called perchloroethylene is used by most dry cleaners Dry cleaning is absolutely necessary for delicate fabrics as they cannot withstand regular washing.

Types of Clothes Given for Dry Cleaning

dry cleaning chemicals for clothes

1.Certain fabric

Woolen clothes shrink if they are washed at home.

Some delicate silk fibers, velvet, leather, suede, etc can be damaged with improper washing at home. Knits and open-weave fabrics may stretch out of shape with washing. Rayon also benefits from dry cleaning, though it is not necessary to use dry cleaning chemicals for clothes.

2.Very discolored white clothes

White clothes that have faded to a dull yellow or grey come out pristine white from the dry cleaner. An expert dry cleaner will use fresh solvents/fluids to clean ( not recycled ones) so that white remains white and even whiter. Check out the post for more tips on washing whites by dry cleaning chemicals for clothes.

3.Sequinned / beaded clothes

Most of the highly expensive beaded sequined clothes are a disaster after a  wash or two. The sequins fall off;   most of the stitching of these beads sequins are very fragile; chains stitches used to fix these beads break in one place but come off totally in one go, because of their loop construction.

Sometimes they are fixed with gum. Sometimes the sequins break in the wash and look horrible; at times the beads lose color. These clothes should be dry cleaned and washing with dry cleaning chemicals for clothes so that the beaded / sequinned garments retain their glorious look.

4.Garments with  embroidery

Some embroidery floss bleeds discoloring the garment. So dry cleaning heavily embroidered garments at least the first one or two washes at least is a good idea. Metallic thread mostly loses its sheen in the wash.

5.Garments with ornamentations

Most clothes have embellishments like trims and gathers/ shirring which can come undone with washing. Shirring is usually damaged with washing especially machine washing. Extra fittings like shoulder pads, folded sashes, ruching, smocking, fabric flower decorations can be easily damaged by washing clothes by dry cleaning chemicals for clothes.

6.Painted fabrics

Paint is added as an extra layer – this may fade with repeated washing. In some clothes glitter, paint / puffy paint is added with glue and this may peel off with normal washing.

7.Spotted / Stained fabrics

Stains are inevitable in clothes. But when you treat the stains at home, especially on dark clothes, fading of the area may be the result, which may look even worse than the original staining. this type of cloth given for dry cleaning because The dry cleaners who know their job use highly effective solvents on fabric. Dry cleaners wash them with Dry Cleaning Chemicals for Clothes.

8. Home furnishing

Dry cleaning can retain the elegant look of upholstery/ home furnishings. Try to wash and press heavy curtains and you will know. If they are dry cleaned they look as beautiful and elegant as the day you bought them.

9. Expensive / Formal clothes

Suits, sports jackets, uniforms, etc retain their crispiness when dry cleaned, whatever be the fabric.

Garments with different types of fabric for the outer fabric and lining retain their shape better when dry cleaned. Bridal gowns, prom dresses, etc are regularly dry cleaned.

10.Vintage clothes

You may have some cherished clothes you want to preserve for years and maybe even transfer down to the next generations. Washing at home may damage them.

Experts at the dry cleaners would know how to clean these clothes. You will have to discuss the issue with them and tell them the relevance of using chemicals that will not damage and instruct them to use techniques that will preserve the fibers for years to come.

There is a health hazard inherent to dry cleaning – because chemicals are used in the cleaning process. The solvent used in dry cleaning can prove to be damaging to human health if exposed for a long time.

You will have to be aware of this while enjoying the convenience of dry cleaning. Slow-release of the chemical for a prolonged time is said to be even the cause of cancer and other problems like kidney failings.

Use dry cleaning of clothes only when you know you absolutely cannot wash the same garment at home. For eg., most woolen clothes lose their shape in the wash but they can be stretched back to shape. Handwash/ machine wash at home should be considered before giving any garment to be drycleaned.

Use a quality dry cleaner. They will know their job and use quality cleaning agents and will be thorough in removing all traces of cleaning agent from the clothes.

If you find that your drycleaned clothes have a  chemical odor it means that the dry cleaner has not been as thorough as you need.

Use dry cleaned clothes only after  a few days; not straight from the cleaners- this is so that the chemicals will have dissipated from the clothes as much as possible

Do not store dry cleaned clothes for a long time in rooms where you will be spending a lot of time like bedrooms. The clothes are especially not to be stored in rooms where kids sleep.

The following are the fabrics that need special attention and care and need to be dry cleaned only.

Silk: If the fabric contains more than 60% silk then special care must be taken to protect the natural silk fiber. These natural fibers tend to change their shape and elongate when exposed to normal wash.

Cotton voile or muslin: These two types of fabric are very delicate in nature and tend to tear even if you attempt to hand wash them. Hence they need to be dry cleaned only.

Suede and soft leathers: These fabrics pose a serious problem when something spills on them. Hence it needs to be taken care of with extra care and attention by dry cleaning it.

Cashmere: This type of fabric is not rugged at all and hence it is wise to take it to a dry cleaning shop to ensure that it is spotlessly clean.

Embroidery, sequins, and beaded garments: As extra precaution and care are needed for clothing with such fine work it is highly essential you get it dry cleaned from an experienced dry cleaner.

As a general rule, shirts made of cotton, spandex, and polyester can be hand-washed or machine-washed while winter coats, suits, formal, and evening wear need to be dry-cleaned. Below are the five fabrics that need to be dry-cleaned.

     1. Silk

Silk fabrics have strong, natural fibers that do not completely absorb the used to color them. Washing it with soap and water will not only cause it to lose its color, but it will also shrink and distort the fabric. Dry clean silk to ensure that its colors remain vibrant and its fabric protected from damage. So we should use dry cleaning chemicals for clothes.

     2. Wool

Wool fabric can be as durable as silk if you do not dip it in water, which can cause it to shrink. Dry cleaning helps you avoid this risk and help your wool garments last a long time. Dry cleaning chemicals for clothes should be used.

     3. Suede

Suede is a special type of leather mainly from lambskin, cow, and goat hide. Suede is expensive but extremely difficult to maintain. It is sensitive to light, moisture, and water-based cleaners as well as chemical-based cleaners. Having the services of dry-cleaning professionals who are using non-toxic chemicals (drying cleaning chemicals for clothing) assures you that your suede is properly maintained and cared for.

     4. Leather

Leather garment typically includes special care instruction that needs to be explicitly followed. Dry-cleaning leather should only be done to remove severe stains such as ink stains and oil spills. Hence dry cleaning chemicals for clothes should be used when required.

    5. Linen

Linen is a fabric derived from flax. It is quite strong, absorbent, and compared to cotton, it dries faster. You have a few options with linen.

While this can be hand washed and air dried, it often requires ironing because its flax fibers are known to be better and fresh in hot weather.

Unfortunately, if handled incorrectly, linen garments can lose their crispness and the overall quality may deteriorate. Dry cleaning is the most ideal for this fabric. So we should use dry cleaning chemicals for clothes for this type of cloth.

    6. Rayon

Are you familiar with rayon? This one’s a bit controversial because unlike the textiles mentioned above, this is semi-synthetic. Made from purified cellulose fibers with dye, it can bleed when washed in warm water.

This will cause it to shrink and lose its shape. While handwashing in cold water using a mild detergent can be done, dry cleaning is the safest option.

     7. Denim

Contrary to popular belief, denim cannot be put through a dryer. Though it is durable, proper jean care should include washing the fabric inside-out in cold water then hung it to dry. Most high-end denim, especially those that are in its purest form, will benefit more from dry cleaning.

Dry Cleaning Chemicals for Clothes

Dry cleaners use a variety of solvents to clean fabric. Early solvents included gasoline, kerosene, benzene, turpentine, and petroleum, which were very flammable and dangerous.

According to the State Coalition for Remediation of Drycleaners (SCRD), a group whose members share information about the nup program

The 1930s saw the development of synthetic, nonflammable solvents — such as perchloroethylene (also known as perc or PCE) and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (also known as Green Earth) — which are still used today.

Detergents are typically added to the solvents to aid in the removal of soils, according to an SCRD report titled “Chemicals Used in dry cleaning Operations.” Detergents aid dry-cleaning in three ways:

Carrying moisture to aid in the removal of water-soluble soils.

Suspending soil after it has been removed from the fabric so it won’t be reabsorbed.

Acting as a spotting agent to penetrate the fabric so that the solvents will be able to remove the stains.

Dry cleaning process

Dry cleaning machines consist of four parts, according to the Drycleaning & Laundry Institute (DLI), an international trade association for garment care professionals:

The holding tank or base tank that holds the solvent.

A pump that circulates the solvent through the machine.

Filters trap solid impurities and soils removed from either the solvent or the fabric.

A cylinder or wheel where the items that are being cleaned are placed.

During dry cleaning, the pump pulls solvent from the tank and sends it through the filters to remove any impurities.

The filtered solvent then enters the cylinder, where it interacts with the fabrics and removes any soil. The solvent then travels back into the holding tank so it can begin the process again.

After the items complete the cleaning cycle, the machine goes through an extraction cycle, which removes excess solvent. During this process, the rotation rate of the cylinder increases, much like the final spin cycle on a home washing machine.

After the extraction cycle completes and the cylinder stops moving, the clothes are either dried within the same machine (if it is a closed system) or transferred into a separate drier. The excess solvent is collected, filtered, and transferred back into the holding tank.

In those days, many clothes were made from wool, which was known to shrink in water. Professional clothes cleaners, known as fullers, used solvents such as ammonia as well as a type of clay called fuller’s earth, which excelled at absorbing dirt, sweat, and grease stains.